Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP) therapy, also known as the ‘Vampire Facelift’ or ‘Dracula Therapy’, works on the basis that the body’s own natural healing powers may slow and even reverse the ageing process – it’s a revolutionary repair system that places growth factors in the exact location where we want the skin to repair and rejuvenate itself.
Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP) is cutting edge therapy in the field of cosmetic enhancements. Although the procedure is relatively new in aesthetics medicine, PRP has been recognized as an effective treatment in sports injury, diabetic ulcer treatment, and orthopaedics.
How Plasma Face lift works
PRP therapy involves harvesting platelets from the patient’s own blood in order to inject them into problem skin areas, giving it the nicknames Vampire Facelift and Dracula Therapy. Before the procedure, a small amount of blood is taken from the patient and put into a centrifuge, where the blood is spun in order to separate the red blood cells from the platelet plasma.
The platelet plasma, which is the component of the blood that is known for being highly effective in treating burns and skin injuries, is then activated and injected into the chosen area, where it plumps up the skin, reducing fine lines and wrinkles.
When the platelet plasma is injected into the skin, the platelets release their growth factors. The growth factors stimulate other cells surrounding the injection site, plumping them up and causing them to increase in volume.
The platelet plasma sends out signals to other cells in the body when it is injected, telling them to rush forward to the injection site.
One cell that is stimulated during the process is the fibroblast cell, which is the cell type that creates collagen. Collagen is what gives skin a youthful appearance.
As we age, collagen is produced less and less, causing wrinkles and fine lines in the skin, and therapies such as PRP therapy that stimulate collagen production can counteract this.
Another cell stimulated during the process is the pre-adipocyte cell, which is a cell type that can convert into a fat cell, which is especially important in the face to fill out lines and to contour the face.
Blood contains erythrocytes, lymphocytes, platelets and plasma. Platelets are cells responsible for clotting. They do this by adhering to each other and preventing haemorrhages, when blood clots, tissues around it will retract due to protein fibrin produced by platelet adherence.
Micro-injuries produced by a needle will trigger a similar initial reaction, and thanks to the injection of active platelets, the contraction effect is significantly augmented.
In isolating activated platelets suspended in liquid plasma (PRP), the doctor is also able to extract mesenchymal stem cells and growth factors in genetically predetermined ratios.
Injecting this PRP extract into skin, the platelets form a bioactive platform of fibrin clot, allowing the release of numerous active growth factors that promote tissue repair, new blood vessel formation and collagen synthesis.